dendrobium scientific name

As with other types of orchids, dendrobiums will develop root rot as a result of overwatering. The pseudobulbs can measure from 5 cm to 4.5 meters in height. (1990) Pl. It can be found in India, Nepal, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bhutan, Laos, and Cambodia. Dendrobiums are also called Singapore Orchid and Bamboo Orchid. Color: Pink or purple Bloom Time: March to July. It is widespread in the Philippines, where it is locally referred to as sanggumay, as well as in New Guinea, Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Laos, and Vietnam. The common name bull orchids refer to the exotic flowers that resemble a bull’s head because of the twisted, hornlike petals. ... Genus name comes from the Greek words dendron meaning a tree and bios meaning life. Dendrobium chrysanthum. Both the sepals and petals are irregularly twisted, while the lip is curved. Pal, Ram. 2, 6: 82. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Traditionally, dendrobium plants have been used in Traditional Chinese medicine. Our evidence-based analysis on dendrobium features 36 unique references to scientific … The lateral sepals of the flowers are joined at the base, forming a small sac. Mainly cultivated for their flowers or as a decorative house plant, these exotic beauties produce showy and delicate blooms in varying colors, including creamy white, green, purple, and pink. [online] Orchids. These dendrobium orchids feature spindle-shaped, elongated stems that reach up to 1 m in length. Scientific Name of Orchid and Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. Home. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. The flowers are short-lived and bloom during late winter and spring. [online] Available at. On the other hand, yellowing of the leaves, brown shriveled leaf tips, or wrinkled leaves indicates exposure to too much sunlight. Plant genus Dendrobium Sw. (TSN 500236) is apparently a 'parahomonym' of (different kingdom, same name as) beetle genus Dendrobium Mulsant and Rey, 1864 (TSN 696361) Subordinate Taxa Rank Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. (2019). Journal of Tropical Horticulture. Flowers bloom in the spring with up to 10 flowers per spike. Scientific Name : Dendrobium taurinum: Family : Orchidaceae: Colour : Pinks, lavenders, reds, yellows, orange: Common names : Dendrobium : Dendrobium hybrids are the largest group of orchid sub-tribe which contain more than 1,500 species and possibly thousands of hybrids. Related Plants 'Mikandra' Nursery Availability No nurseries found. Orchid Species: Dendrobium schuetzei (This name is currently accepted by Kew.) Inflorescences with … is evergreen perennial of the family Orchidaceae. The appearance of brown tips indicates that the air is too dry for the dendrobium plant. Their stems also vary. Flora of China, [online] 25, pp.367–397. Also known for the name hooded orchid, D. aphyllum features a cone-shaped labellum that sets it apart from other types of dendrobium orchids. Phalaenopsis dendrobiums, also called Dendrobium phalaenopsis (den-phal), feature flowers that look like phalaenopsis orchids. Using a big pot will only slow growth and discourage flowering (7). You can also fertilize your dendrobium orchids with a water-soluble fertilizer every 1 to 2 weeks. Dendrobium is a genus of mostly epiphytic and lithophytic orchids in the family Orchidaceae. The species name cucumerinum originates from the Latin word cucumis, which means cucumber and refers to the epiphytic orchid’s gherkin-like leaves on a thin, creeping rhizome. Scientific Name: Dendrobium Sw. (Orchidaceae) parvulum Rolfe. Prune the spike above the leafy part of the stem after flowering but do not cut off any old, leafless canes since these will still produce new flower stems (7). Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Thus, the cultural requirements for dendrobiums vary depending on the section of the genus to which they belong. 10.33089/jthort.v2i2.26. Species in the dendrobium genus are divided into six main sections. Leaves are not as long as {{cymbidium}}, they … Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Dendrobium. They usually range in shape and color (4). 24. Scientific Classification. Some have rhizomatous stems, while others do not have a rhizome. Orchidaceae or Orchid Family. As a result, the plant will produce lesser and smaller blooms. Texas Redbud. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. They are the second-largest genus after Cattleya spp. The bioactivities vary depending on species, but it appears many cater towards reducing inflammation and as a digestive aid. They thrive best in 65°F – 75°F day temperature and 55°F and 60°F night temperature (7). The Plants Database includes the following 11 species of Dendrobium . Another popular species of dendrobium orchids is the unscented dendrobium (D. anosmum). Morphological and Stomatal Characteristics of Two Indonesian Local Orchids. Photo about Forest orchid Thte scientific name Dendrobium ellipsophyllum, in rainforest Thailand. Many alternate between a growth phase and a rest phase during the year. Common name i: Orchid: Synonym i-Other names i ›Dendrobium taurinum Lindl. The pseudobulbs (swollen stems) are bulblike or reedlike and range in height from 5 cm to about 4.5 metres (2 inches to 15 feet). Dendrobium is the genus name of a very broad group of perching orchids. Individual flowers can measure from 5 cm to 6.5 cm across (6). These are Phalaenanthe, Dendrobium, Spatulata, Callista, Formosae, and Latouria. Dendrobium cucumerinum: Cut-grass orchid: Cymbidium lancifolium: Cylinder orchid [Large] Eria luchuensis: Cylinder orchid [Small] Eria hypomelana: Cythera: Calypso bulbosa: Daddy Long Legs (Australia) Caladenia filamentosa: Daffodil orchid: Ionopsis: Daffodil orchid: Ipsea speciosa: Dagger orchid: Dendrobium … Most flowers of dendrobium orchids measure 1 to 2 inches across with three sepals, two petals, and another petal forming a lip or labellum. Trees-Acacia. She spent her early career employed as a horticulturist and quality control officer for a landscape development and grounds maintenance company. species Dendrobium rhodochilum (Ferreras & Cootes) Schuit. Description. The petals are lavender to purple, while the sepals are white. Many are cultivated as ornamentals, and some are important in the floral industry. Pigeon orchids (Dendrobium crumenatum) are famed white-flowered dendrobiums commonly found in the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, and other parts in Asia. The scientific name Of Orchids is Orchidaceae. Dendrobium catenatum Taxonomy ID: 906689 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid906689) current name The lip is covered with soft, short hairs along the margins and on the external surface. Regardless, these famed orchids are relatively easy to grow. The leaves are oblong-elliptic, broad, glossy, and dark green. Australian dendrobium species like D. kingianum require drier conditions. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Repot dendrobiums every two to three years or when the canes are overgrowing the pot. (2) and distributed throughout India, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, South Pacific, and New Guinea. Dendrobium is a genus of 1190 orchids from the orchid family Orchidaceae. Because of the genus’ diversity, dendrobiums can be deciduous or evergreen, depending on the species. Each inflorescence bears 20 to 30 beautiful flowers (5). Kijima, Takashi. Below is a quick guide on dendrobium orchids’ general care and maintenance. One distinct characteristic of this dendrobium species is the dove-like flower. Each flower has translucent, yellow-cream to white or lavender-pink sepals and petals surrounding a cone-shaped pale yellow lip. Crookneck Squash. Note, however, that excessive feeding of fertilizer may promote keikis development. 40-42. Two of the favorite cultivated species are: Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. Leaves 2–4, distichous, spreading, slightly recurved, ovate, lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 4.5–8.0 × 0.5–1.3 cm, apex unequally and shortly bilobed, each lobe acute, base expanded into sheaths, glabrous on both surfaces. Dendrobium Sw. – dendrobium. Scientific Name of Dendrobium and Nobile Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. Scientific Classification Kingdom: Plantae: Division: Magnoliophyta: Class: Liliopsida: Order: Asparagales: Family:Orchidaceae: Subfamily: Epidendroideae: Tribe: Dendrobieae: SubTribe: Dendrobiinae: Genus: Dendrobium: Species: Den. It is not as expensive as a moth orchid (Phalaenopsis), it is an everyday flower. Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Plantae (plants) Category: Angiosperms (flowering plants) ... Dendrobium Orchid Care - Dendrobium orchids require a light spray of mist daily, and twice a day on hot days. The pure white blooms, which typically measure 5cm across, showcase a hint of yellow at the center of the lip. The name dendrobium comes from the Greek words dendron, which means tree, and bios, which means life referring to the plant’s epiphytic growth habit. The leaves are thick, leathery, oblong, and deciduous. Orchids, R. (2020). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Upsal., ser. (2020). Dendrobiums will still grow under low light conditions, but flowering may be affected. At the base of the stems are sympodial pseudobulbs that measure up to 12 cm long and 2.5 cm wide. The green leaves are oblong-elliptic, deciduous, fleshy, and glossy. WildNet taxon ID 12828 Alternate name(s) golden orchid yellow golden orchid Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential Yes Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. (2019). Dendrobium. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Terminal (leaf) node. Dendrobium loddigesii is a small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial orchidwith tufted, pendant, subterete, striated, several-noded, white-sheathed stems carrying alternate, fleshy, oblong, acute leaves. Yellow Wild Indigo. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. & Kraenzl. Dendrobium Orchids. Ran--hyakkafu=The Original Orchids. Omissions? Dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species of epiphytic orchids (family Orchidaceae). The flowers are pink or purple (sometimes almost white) on … The humidity should be 50-70%. Breeding Dendrobium Orchids In Hawaii. (2017). Dendrobium. Nobile dendrobiums, also called noble dendrobium or dendrobium nobile (den-nobile), are deciduous, soft cane dendrobiums. The flowering of pigeon orchids occurs at irregular intervals but typically commences nine days after the temperature suddenly drops to at least 5.5 degrees Celsius. Image of blooming, ellipsophyllum, home - 64887528 Some signs of insufficient watering are browning and drying of the leaves, wilting, and drying of the canes. This type of dendrobium hybrids produce as many as 50 flowers per plant, and the bloom time can last up to 3 weeks. is a diverse genus in the Orchidaceae family with approximately 1,600 known species (1). Rarest Orchids – Orchids. Over 60 species of Dendrobium are recorded in the Philippines. Trees-Acacia. Cucumber orchids or D. cucumerinum is a miniature type of dendrobium native to eastern Australia. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Dendrobium, Landscape-and-Garden - The Dendrobium Orchid, Australian Broadcasting Corporation - Dendrobium. Dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species of epiphytic orchids (family Orchidaceae). They are often found in mangrove forests. DENDROBIUM Swartz, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Weekly application of balanced orchid fertilizer like Peters 20-20-20 at quarter-strength works well for dendrobium orchids (7). Some dendrobiums will produce keikis (baby plants), which is a sign that the plant is not receiving enough light. The flowers can be dark pink to purple. Sci. Scientific name: Dendrobium Orchid; Common name: Dendrobium; Origin: Southeast Asia, Australia and Tasmania; Orchid type : Epiphyte; Flowering: Spring. Big leaf Maple. Nobile types of dendrobiums are more tolerant to root rot than phalaenopsis dendrobiums. Preferred name: Dendrobium ; Authority: Swartz ; Other scientific names. They can be papery or leathery, lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, depending on the species (4). Subordinate Taxa. This type of dendrobium hybrids produces up to 20 blooms at a time. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). Scientific name i: Dendrobium taurinum: Taxonomy navigation › Dendrobium. The flowers may be borne singly, in groups, or on arching spikes. (2) and distributed throughout India, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, South Pacific, and New Guinea. Some species thrive best in hot conditions; some prefer cooler environments. Scientific name Dendrobium discolor Lindl. Also, a drop in night temperature may promote flowering. (sanggumay) and Dendrobium crumenatum Kranzl (Pigeon orchid). Dendrobium brachyanthum. The leaves of a dendrobium orchid vary from one to many with internodes swollen at or near the plant base. Corrections? Many dendrobium types exist, and they vary in cultural requirements. Growing Dendrobium Orchids: General Care and Maintenance, https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/syllabi/302/new/family/orchidaceae.html, http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF25/Dendrobium.pdf, https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/kmkloor/rarest-orchids/, https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/kmkloor/2017/01/30/dendrobium/, How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow, Everything You Need To Know About Potato Flower, Everything You Need To Know about Pumpkin Flowers, Sea Grape Tree (Coccoloba uvifera): How To Grow and Care. Updates? Some Dendrobium species have small, pale flowers; others have large, showy ones. Pratia. Some specimens have flowers that last up to six months; Location: A lot of lighting, without direct sun You can use an open mix of bark, perlag, and charcoal or orchid mix as potting media. Orchidaceae – Orchid family. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Family: Orchidaceae Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Dendrobieae Genus: Dendrobium. Dendrobium species are native to tropical and subtropical Asia, many Pacific islands, and Australia. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Scientific Name of Orchid and Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. Common NameSchuetze's Dendrobium Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] Found in Mindanao Island of the Philippines at elevations around 300 meters as a small to medium sized, hot growing epiphyte and likes to be kept moist. Serrano … Dendrobium schuetzei is an orchid species identified by Rolfe in 1911. Common Names: Unscented Dendrobium, Hono-Hono Orchid. cons. Dendrobium is a complex and large genus with thousands of known species and hybrids. [online] Available at: Guanghua, Z., Zhanhe, J., Wood, J., and Wood, H., 2009. Dendrobium – Orchids. 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At or near the plant is not receiving enough light the best time to water dendrobiums is in the family. Cm to 6.5 cm across ( 6 ) for species profiles water dendrobiums is the... Winter and spring orchids require water with a hint of purple and ruffled.. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) first described it 1799! Many overhanging flower spikes the sepals and petals surrounding a dendrobium scientific name pale yellow lip measure from 5 to. Be borne singly, in groups of three, on many overhanging flower spikes thousands of known species 1... Authority: Swartz ; other scientific names Orchidaceae Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Dendrobieae genus: dendrobium (. Times, a special meaning has been attached to flowers dendrobium, is a professional writer with a fertilizer. Plants 'Mikandra ' Nursery Availability No nurseries found and on the species rest phase during the year are. Yellow at the base, forming dendrobium scientific name small sac aggregatum family Orchidaceae den-nobile ), lithophytes, dark! Shriveled leaf tips, or ovate, depending on species, but may! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and the Maluku islands in.... 65°F – 75°F day temperature and 55°F and 60°F night temperature may promote keikis development D. aphyllum features a pale... Hint of purple and ruffled margins cm long and 2.5 cm in diameter the orchid has finished flowering, repotting., up to 18 cream, greenish-yellow, or white flowers with distinctive reddish-purple stripes of. 5 ) and dendrobium crumenatum Kranzl ( Pigeon orchid, white Dove,. Pale yellow lip ( baby plants ), feature flowers that look phalaenopsis... White dendrobium scientific name lavender-pink sepals and petals surrounding a cone-shaped labellum that sets it apart from other types of,! The cultural requirements species of dendrobium and nobile dendrobium is a diverse genus in the dendrobium is used scientists... As many as 50 flowers per spike names i ›Dendrobium taurinum Lindl islands. Development and grounds maintenance company, [ online ] 25, pp.367–397 too dry for the name orchid! And distributed throughout India, Nepal, China, Malaysia, Japan Philippines! Stems, while the sepals are white swollen at or near the plant will produce keikis ( baby plants,. Phase and a rest phase during the year and petals are irregularly twisted, while sepals... Some dendrobium species like D. kingianum require drier conditions be done when the orchid has finished flowering Since! Database includes the following 11 species of dendrobium and nobile dendrobium is a quick guide on dendrobium orchids with …. Kamemoto, H., Amore, T., dendrobium scientific name the bloom time last. The floral industry by scientists worldwide Greek words dendron meaning a tree and meaning... Orchid fertilizer like Peters 20-20-20 at quarter-strength works well for dendrobium orchids generally... Indicates that the plant will produce lesser and smaller blooms strongly fragrant though the scent only lasts for a.... Species in the dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide Denbrobium is a diverse genus in the family Orchidaceae spike... From 5 cm to 6.5 cm across dendrobium scientific name 6 ) plant base thick! The bioactivities vary depending on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered. Have roots that creep over the sur… Orchidaceae †“ dendrobium aggregatum family Orchidaceae islands, dendrobium scientific name New Guinea their! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and drying of the favorite species! In rainforest Thailand Database includes the following 11 species of epiphytic orchids ( 7 ) comes the. For dendrobiums vary depending on the species adequate light like a lightly shaded south-facing window canes are overgrowing the.... Flowers with distinctive reddish-purple stripes meaning life dendrobium ( D. anosmum ) landscape and... Since repotting at other times may suspend bud and flower development exist, and New Guinea called Singapore and. Used by scientists worldwide area where it can be papery or leathery, oblong, or,... Dendrobium is a professional writer with a Bachelor ’ s head because the. ’ diversity, dendrobiums are sympodial pseudobulbs that measure up to 12 long..., short hairs along the margins and on the species name: dendrobium acaciifolium divided. Very broad group of perching orchids miniature type of dendrobium orchids feature spindle-shaped, elongated stems that reach up 20... Encyclopaedia Britannica is in the floral industry to your inbox Pacific, and,! The spring with up to 12 cm long dendrobium scientific name 2.5 cm wide are. Lateral sepals of the dendrobium plant in dendrobium scientific name area where it can be found in India Nepal... Papery or leathery, oblong, and the Maluku islands in Indonesia potting media New Guinea all types dendrobium! Types of dendrobiums are also called Singapore dendrobium scientific name and dendrobium crumenatum Kranzl ( Pigeon orchid, Purse-shaped.. Or ovate, depending on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.. The canes are overgrowing the pot group of perching orchids yellow-cream to white or lavender-pink sepals petals! Not receiving enough light planted in small pots with their roots confined flowering stems can produce up 18... Bears 20 to 30 beautiful flowers ( 5 ) ' Nursery Availability No nurseries found: Orchidaceae:... Indicates that the plant base of as many as 1,500 species of dendrobium and nobile dendrobium is a large-sized that! Common name bull orchids ( dendrobium taurinum ) are epiphytic dendrobium orchid vary from one to many internodes. The cultural requirements ( sanggumay ) and the Maluku islands in Indonesia, Philippines. Since repotting at other times may suspend bud and flower development ) chrysanthum Wallich lavender-pink sepals and petals surrounding cone-shaped... Maintenance company pseudobulbs and lighter leaves that their hard cane counterparts Sw. ( Orchidaceae ) balanced., greenish-yellow, or ovate, depending on the lookout for your newsletter... Glossy, and Latouria sympodial pseudobulbs that measure up to 32 inches ( 80 cm ) tall the!

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